Periodontal Exam: Comprehensive periodontal appraisal prior to initiating restorative care or orthodontic therapy.
Treatment of Periodontal Diseases: non surgical (scaling & root planing) and surgical treatment of periodontal diseases, such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
Treatment of Peri-implant Diseases: non surgical and surgical treatment of peri-implant diseases, such as peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.
Surgical Crown Lengthening: surgical procedure to expose a greater amount of tooth structure for the purpose of subsequently restoring the tooth prosthetically by the dentist or prosthodontist.
Soft Tissue Graft: surgical procedure to cover exposed root surfaces, improve soft tissue esthetics or merely to augment the band of keratinized tissue around teeth or implants.
Guided Bone Regeneration: surgical procedure to regenerate lost alveolar bone and restore bone defects for proper function and esthetics or augment bone for future implant placement.
Guided Tissue Regeneration: surgical procedure to regenerate missing periodontal structures around teeth.
Mucogingival Plastic Surgery / Gingivectomy: surgical procedures to improve esthetics such as the gummy smile.
Socket / Ridge Preservation: surgical atraumatic extraction of a tooth and preservation of the dimensions of the ridge, for future implant placement.
Alveoplasty: surgical plastic procedures of the alveolar bone during or after the tooth extractions to remove any traumatic bone edges or to increase the vertical dimension for proper prosthetic restoration by the dentist or the prosthodontist.
Sinus Lift / Augmentation: surgical procedure to incease the bone in the posterior maxilla for future implant placement or to restore an oro-antral communication.
Tori Removal: surgical procedure to remove tori and bone exostoses for proper function, esthetics and prosthetic restoration by the dentist or prosthodontist.
Biopsy: surgical procedure to remove bone, soft tissue lesions and cysts for histological evaluation by the oral pathologist.
Apicoectomy: surgical procedure whereby a tooth's root tip is removed and a root end cavity is prepared and filled with a biocompatible material by the dentist or endodontist.
Root Amputation: the surgical procedure, whereby one root is removed from a multi-root tooth. The tooth is then stabilized and rendered fully functional with a crown or filling. The periodontist works closely with the dentist or endodontist who will perform the necessary endodontic treatment and fabricate the new crown.
Frenectomy: surgical procedure to remove a frenum to improve mucogingival problems or for orthodontic reasons.
Exposure of Unerrupted Teeth: surgical procedure to expose unerrupted teeth for orthodontic reasons.
PAOO: periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontic treatment. The Periodontist works closely with the orthodontist for faster completion of the orthodontic treatment.
Orthodontic Micro-implants: surgical procedure to place micro-implants to assist the orthodontic treatment.